What are bushfires?
Bushfires are wildfires that take place in the bush (a term for natural dry woodland, usually specific to Australia and New Zealand). They spread quickly due to dry climate and kindling.
Where is this happening?
The bushfires have been happening in Australia. Australia experiences this every year, but this year, the bushfires have been especially bad. The main parts of Australia that are affected are New South Wales and Victoria. However, many other countries have been affected due to ash and smoke that has been carried by the wind. Some of these countries include South America, New Zealand and maybe even Antarctica, according to the UN World Meteorological Organization.
What is causing it?
Bushfires are naturally started by a hot and dry climate. Lightning strikes can also cause them. Australia has been experiencing a very bad drought this year which is causing the climate to be even drier than usual. However, humans have also contributed to the bushfires due to the fact that we have played a huge part in climate change. This has led to the climate being hotter and drier, which in turn started the bushfires.
Who is affected?
Of course, many humans are affected due to smoke inhalation and burns. Many houses have also been burnt down, leaving people with nowhere to stay. However, according to Professor Chris Dickman, a shocking number of 1 billion animals are estimated to have died due to the fires. Many people are worried about the future of some animal species.
Who is helping?
Many firefighters (professionals and volunteers) have bravely been fighting to put out the fires. The government has put aside a large amount of money to help Australia. Charities and people from all across the globe have donated money and essential products for everyone in need.
Australia is having a huge crisis but we can all do our part to help. Even donating just a small amount of money or second hand things that you don’t need anymore would be very helpful to everyone. Some charities that you can donate to are Red Cross Australia, WIRES Wildlife Rescue, Salvation Army, GIVIT, Foodbank, RSPCA NSW, and many others. Let’s all do our best to help the fires. #StopTheAussieFires!