Anzac Day is on the 25th of April, ANZAC stands for ‘Australian and New Zealand Army Corps’. It is a sacred day in the history and minds of the Australian people.
During WWI The ANZAC forces were charged with taking control of the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey, which was controlled by the axis powers (Turkey, Germany and Austria). The purpose was to open the Dardanelles for the allied navies (British Empire, France and Russia). Then for the allies to march on and conquer Constantinople, now known as Istanbul in Turkey.
This long treacherous campaign lasted for eight month.The ANZACs landed on Gallipoli and met the force of the resistances of the Ottoman Turkish defenders.Their hopes of taking out Turkey’s forces quickly was not possible as they held their ground.The more days that passed, the more casualty numbers went up. The Gallipoli campaign was a costly campaign with an estimated 57,000 British Empire troops killed (8,000 Australians).
As a young nation that was less than five years old, the Battle of Gallipoli made a profound impact on Australians at home. The sorrow the country felt was huge and so every year on the 25th of April we remember those brave men.
Anzac Day remembrance takes two forms. Firstly, commemorative services are held at dawn across the nation – the time of the original landing in Gallipoli. Later in the day, ex-servicemen and women meet to take part in marches through the major cities and in many smaller town centres.
The bravery of these young men on a far away land has come to represent the spirit and sacrifice that all Australian soldiers have made across all wars and the pride the nation takes in these young men today.